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July 10th, 2014 IPCUG Meeting Minutes

IPCUG Monthly Meeting

July 10th, 2014

Minutes by Laura, Secretary

Meeting started at 6:35 pm by President Hugh

There were 22 members and 1 visitor in attendance.

Announcements:

  • “Meeting after the meeting” tonight at Denny’s
  • IPCUG Board Meeting at Jerry’s, Thursday July 24th, 6:30pm
  • Linux User’s Group at Taos, Thursday July 17th, 6:30pm
  • No-host breakfast at Golden Corral Saturday, July 12th at 9:00 am.

Question & Answer Session

 

  • Q: How can I convert a QuickTime video to a DVD format?
  • A: A program such as handbrake will allow you to convert the files to a format that is burnable as a DVD
  • Q: I am having troubles downloading files from the internet using Zoren. I would like to be able to dual-boot Windows XP with Zoren.
  • A: That will be discussed in the presentation tonight.

1st Presentation: Gregg with Getting Windows XP ready for use with a Linux operating system in your older PC

  • Start on your desktop, then click on the start button, programs, accessories, system tools, then system restore.
  • Choose the drop-down menu and select “create restore point.” Type a description, click create, and now you have a restore point set to the current date/time.
  • To update your XP, you must have an internet connection. Choose start, control panel, security center, check for latest updates. When the list of updates appear, install the updates and restart when they’re completed.
  • Update your antivirus as well. Keep in mind that Microsoft Security Essentials is no longer supported in Windows XP.
  • To use XP disk cleanup, click start, programs, accessories, system tools, disk cleanup, then select Drive. When you see the list, check the desired categories, click okay, and then yes to confirm.
  • To uninstall unneeded programs, choose start, control panel, add/remove programs. Select the undesired program by clicking change/remove, confirm (yes), follow menu, and finish. You may need to restart your computer after this point. You could also perform a more thorough elimination of undesired programs using ccleaner.com.
  • To clean the start menu, choose start, run, enter msconfig, and run. Then choose the startup tab and check Eliminate Microsoft Programs, and uncheck any programs and utilities not desired for use at startup. When this is complete, hit apply and close to exit. A restart will be required at this time. In the change notification box that appears upon restart, you can check “don’t show” to eliminate that in future reboots.
  • To use the XP defragmenter, choose start, programs, accessories, system tools, then defragmenter. Choose analyze, view result, and then defragment. At the end you can receive a report if you desire, but if not, simply close the program.
  • At the end, check the general operation and programs to verify that Windows XP is fully operable.

2nd presentation: Hugh with How to Dual Boot Windows XP and Ubuntu 14.04

  • First of all, be sure to have a Windows recovery CD/DVD available. Some computer manufacturers that pre-install Windows provide a Windows recover/re-installation CD or DVD with the computer. However, some companies no longer ship a physical disc but instead create a hidden partition on the hard drive in which the recovery-disk information is stored. A utility is then usually provided which allows the user to burn a recovery/re-installation CD or DVD from it. If you are buying a new computer and intend on dual-booting, make sure you have (or can make) a physical Windows recovery/reinstallation CD or DVD. If neither a CD/DVD nor a recovery partition/burning utility is provided by your computer manufacturer, you may need to contact your vendor and ask for a CD or DVD.
  • Back up your data: Although it may seem obvious, it is important to backup your files to an external backup medium before attempting to dual-boot installation (or any other hard drive manipulation), in case your hard drive becomes corrupted during the process. External hard drives, USB flash drives, and multiple DVDs or CDs are all useful for this purpose.
  • Getting Recovery Media: You may need to request a physical recover/re-installation CD or DVD directly from your computer manufacturer. Once you have created a physical backup disc from a restore-image partition on the hard-drive, the restore-image partition can either be removed or left in place. Ubuntu can be installed with it intact without problems.
  • A Windows OS should be installed first, because its bootloader is very particular and the installer tends to overwrite the entire hard drive, wiping out any data stored on it. If Windows isn’t already installed, instal it first. If you are able to partition the drive prior to installing Windows, leave space for Ubuntu during the initial partitioning process. Then you won’t have to resize your NTFS partition to make room for Ubuntu later, saving a bit of time.
  • When a Windows installation already occupies the entire hard drive, its partition needs to be shrunk, creating free space for the Ubuntu partition. You can do this during the Ubuntu installation procedure, or you can see How to Reside Windows Partitions for other options.
  • If you have resized a Windows 7 or Vista partition and cannot boot up Windows, you can use the instructions from WindowsRecovery to fix it.
  • It is recommended to use Automatic partition resizing. Choose the first option, which should say “install them side by side, choosing them each startup.” Specify the size of the new partition by dragging the slider at the bottom of the window. Click on “Forward” and continue on to finishing the Ubuntu installation.
  • To Install Ubuntu: Download an Ubuntu LiveCD image (.iso) from Ubuntu Downloads and burn it to a disc. Insert the LIveCD to your CD-ROM drive and reboot your PC. If the computer does not boot from the CD (e.g. Windows starts again instead), reboot and check your BIOS settings by pressure F2, F12, Delete, or ESC. Select “boot from CD.” Proceed with the installation until you are asked this question: “How do you want to partition the disk?” If you have already partitioned the disk and left space for Ubuntu, install it to that and then follow the rest of the steps. Otherwise, choose one of the next two steps.
  • To use Manual Partitioning (NOT recommended): Choose “manually edit partition table.” Listed will be your current partitions. Select the partition you want to resize and press Enter. Select “size:”, press Enter. Select Yes, press Enter. Then type in a new size in gigabytes for your partition, it’s recommended that you free up at least 10 GB of free space for your Ubuntu install. Press Enter when happy with your changes. It may take some time to apply the changes. Create a swap partition of at least your amount of RAM (if you don’t know, 2000 MB is a good value). Create a partition for your Ubuntu installation. Create other partitions if necessary: see DiskSpace. Select “Finish partitioning and write changes to disk.”
  • Master Boot Record and Boot Manager: GRUB2 is the boot manager installed in Ubuntu by default. GRUB2 is an open source boot manager that install the main parts of the boot loaders inside Ubuntu. This means Ubuntu is independent and avoids any need for writing to other operating systems. To accomplish this, the only thing in your computer outside of Ubuntu that needs to be changed is a small code in the MBR (Master Boot Record) of the first hard drisk, or the EFI partition. The boot code is changed to point to the boot loader in Ubuntu. You will be presented with a list of operating systems and you can choose one to boot. If you do nothing the first option will boot after a ten second countdown. If you select Windows then GRUB or LILO will chain-load Windows for you at the Windows boot sector, which is the first sector of the Windows partition. Using a command line utility always has its learning curve, so a more productive and better job can be done with a free utility called Gpart.
  • Issues with Windows XP and NTFS: The Ubuntu installer has included support for resizing NTFS partitions since Ubuntu 5.10 (Breezy Badger) was released way back in 2005. Very few problems have been reported relative to the huge number of times that the installer has been used. If you tried the above procedure and have had no luck, it might be that there is a pre-existing problem either in the file system, in the partition table, or the hard disk. First you should try running CHKDSK before trying again to resize the partition, and if you are using the Alternatd CD, defragging might help. It is recommended that you run CHKDSK once again after resizing your NTFS partition.
  • There are two different approaches to installing Windows after Ubuntu:
    • Recovering GRUB after reinstalling Windows (recommended)
    • Master Boot Record backup and re-replacement (not recommended)
  • Using QtParted from the System Rescue CD: Boot into Windows and backup any valuable documents, photos, etc. onto removable media such as CD-R/DVD-R. Run the Windows disk check tool (error-checking) on C: a couple of times (the results can be seen in the Administrative Tools-Event Viewer-Application under a “Winlogon” entry). Run the Windows defragmentation tool on C:. Download the System Rescue CD ISO image (321 MB; has several very useful software tools). Burn the ISO image to a CD. Boot from the CD and hit Enter when you see the message “Boot.” When you get a command prompt, enter: run_qtparted

 

  • Using QtParted from the System Rescue CD: Select your disk on the graphical screen (most likely /dev/hda). Select your NTFS partition to be resized (most likely /dev/hda1). Rick click with the mouse and choose Resize. Set the new partition size. Commit your changes in the File-Commit menu. If your keyboard and mouse stop responding during resizing then please just be patient. Once your changes are saved, remove the System Rescue CD and insert your Ubuntu installation CD. Reboot and install Ubuntu into the free space.
  • Using GParted from UNetbootin-PartedMagic: Another approach to resizing partitions, which does not require a CD, is to load PartedMagic from Windows via the UNetbootin PartedMagic Loader. Download and install the Windows (.exe) file, then reboot. Select the UNetbootin-partedmagic entry after rebooting, and wait as PartedMagic boots up. Start the partition manager by clicking the GParted icon on the panel. Select your disk (probably /dev/sda) via the derop-down menu on the top right corner of the interface. Right-click the NTFS partition to be resized (probably /dev/sda1) and select the “resize” option. Drag the slider to specify the new size the NTFS partition should be resized to, then press OK. Press “Apply” button to resize the disk, then reboot once done. Upon the next Windows boot, click OK when prompted to removed UNetbootin-partedmagic to remove its boot menu entry.

 

Meeting adjourned at 8:55 by President Hugh. Next meeting will be August 14th, 2014 at 6:30 pm.

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